main-bg

Frequently Asked Questions - 2017 Municipal Elections of the Republic of Kosovo

Frequently Asked Questions


2017 Municipal Elections of the Republic of Kosovo 



1.  Who can vote?

-  A person is entitled to vote in October 22 Elections if he/she is 18 years old by or on Election Day and meets one of the following criteria: 1) is a registered citizen in the Kosovo Civil Registry, 2) lives abroad from or after January 1, 1998, 3) has gained a refugee status on or after January 1, 1995, and is now entitled to be registered in the Kosovo Civil Registry as a Kosovo citizen. On the other hand, those who are legally not eligible to are those who 1) were sentenced with prison by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, 2) were accused by the Tribunal but have not appeared in front of the court, and 3) were declared mentally disable by a court decision. 


2.  What identifications documents can be used to vote?

-  1) Valid Kosovo ID, 2) valid Kosovo passport, 3) valid travel document, 4) valid Kosovo driver’s license, 5) valid Internally Displaced People (IDP) card, or 6) valid refugee card (Article 90 of the Kosovo Law on General Elections). Voters who possess one of the documents in Article 90 of the Law on General Elections may vote regardless if the documents of UNMIK have expired, as long as they are in the voter list.


3.  Where is my polling center?

-  You can find your assigned polling center by entering your ID number here: http://eomp.kqz-ks.org/VCChangeRequests/Index.


4.  When will the voter list be published, and where?

-  The voter list will be published on 21 September, 2017 on the CEC website (www.kqz-ks.org) and it will be posted in the office of the Municipal Election Commission.


5When will the list of candidates be published, and where can I find it?

-  The list of candidates for municipal assembly and candidates for mayor will be published on 31 August, 2017 on the CEC website (www.kqz-ks.org).


6.  Why is the number of voters higher than the number of population in results of the Kosovo census?

-  The voter list and the census are different. The census includes only the residents of Kosovo at the time of the census, which does not include citizens who live abroad (Kosovo diaspora). The voter list, on the other hand, includes Kosovo citizens who live in Kosovo and abroad, and who are eligible to vote. For your information, there were 1,888,059 voters registered in June 11 extraordinary elections for Kosovo Assembly.


7.  When will the election campaign begin and how long with it last?

-  Official election campaign will begin on September 21, 2017 and will last 30 days. Election silence is on October 21, 2017, when no electoral campaign activity is allowed.


8.  Where can I find the CEC voter information materials?

-  All CEC voter information materials can be found on the CEC website (www.kqz-ks.org) and through CEC social media:

·  Facebook: Komisioni Qendror i Zgjedhjeve

·  Twitter: KQZKosova

·  Instagram: KQZKosova

·   Youtube: KQZKosova

-  The public information will also be available on televisions, radios, newspapers, and online news portals.


9.  How can i engage in elections?

-  There are various ways to get engaged in these elections. Aside from voting, you can also report any violation you witness to the Election Complaint and Appeals Panel (ECAP). You can also be accredited to observe elections by joining domestic observer groups of political entities or civil society organizations, as well as work in election administration either by being directly recruited by the Central Election Commission or by being nominated for Polling Station Commission staff by political entities and some civil society organizations.


10.  Who can observe elections?

-  Certified political entities, local and international non-government organizations and media can be accredited and observe elections. If you are interested to observe elections, you need to join one of these entities in order to be eligible.

a.  What do I need to do to be accredited to observe elections?

·  You can observe elections by joining the monitoring missions of civil society organizations or your chosen political entity. If you are an observer from a certified political entity or a local non-governmental organization, your entity should fill in the Form for Accrediting Observers and complete the requested list with information for each observer. In addition, your entity should submit Observer Statements, which must be signed by all observers. You cannot observe elections if you are 1) a candidate in these elections, 2) a member of the police force, 3) a member of the military, or 3) a member of the Kosovo intelligence unit. 

b.  What are the roles of observers?

§  Observes must be neutral and cannot interfere or influence the election process in any way.


11.  What are the categories covered under voters with special needs and circumstances?

-  The category of voters with special needs and circumstances includes people who are homebound, persons in hospitals and prisons, or other cases where people are confined in their homes and cannot get out to vote due to safety concerns.


12.  How can I vote if I am a voter with special needs and circumstances?

-  CEC will deploy mobile teams that facilitate the voting of voters with special needs, who for disability, health or other reasons are confined in their homes. You need to register for this service by filling in this form, and submitting it in the office of the Municipal Election Commission along with a copy of your ID and a diagnosis or support documents for why you need the service. The documents can be submitted by your family member, who also needs to have a copy of their ID, between August 23 and October 7, 2017.


13.  When can I vote?

-  On Election Day, you can vote anytime between 7:00 and 19:00. At 19:00 polling centers close and counting begins.


14.  How do I mark the ballots?

-  There are two ballots for municipal elections – one for municipal assembly and one for Mayor. When you receive the ballots on election day, first, you must make sure that the ballot you received is stamped, as only stamped ballots are valid.

·  The ballot for municipal assembly, which has a blue frame, will have political entities on the left side and numbers for candidates on the right side. You should chose only 1 political entity on the left side and only 1 candidate on the right. There will be a list of candidates in each voting cabin, for you to review. 

·  The ballot for mayor, which will have a yellow frame, will have a list of candidates running for mayor, and you should choose only one candidate, by marking the checkbox in front of their name.

Any other form of marking the ballot would lead to ballots becoming invalid. These include:

·  Marking multiple political entities on the left side,

·  Marking the ballot in a way that your mark covers more than one political entity or more than one box for candidate.

·  Writing anything on the ballot other than marking offered options, such as number of candidate after the name of the political entity.


15.  How are votes counted?

-  Votes casted in the polling station are counted at each polling station, once the polling centers close. They are counted by polling station staff, under the observation of election observers. The votes for the political entity are counted first, and then the votes for candidates. The results are inserted in the Result Reconciliation Forms (RRF) and Candidate Result Form (CRF), and then submitted electronically to the CEC  to produce preliminary results. Conditional ballots, ballots from abroad, and ballots from voters with special needs are counted after Election day at the Count and Results Center (CRC). 


16.  When can I see preliminary results and how?

-  Preliminary results can be seen at the CEC website (www.kqz-ks.org) in hours after polling centers close. The results are collected by taking the information from the Result Reconciliation Form of each polling station and sent electronically to the CEC preliminary results database. These preliminary results will not include candidate votes, conditional votes, votes from abroad, and votes from voters with special needs, which will be counted later at the Count and Results Center. 


17.  Can I report violations? If yes, how?

-  You can report violations by calling for free toll number 0 800 55 555. Your report will be noted and then, depending on the violation, the CEC will coordinate with the field staff and carry out necessary action.


18.  Who can complain to the Election Complaint and Appeals Panel, and how?

-  All citizens with the right to vote, representatives of political entities, Polling Station Commission staff, and local observers have the right to complain. The complaint must 1) be submitted by the person who has the right to complaint, 2) be submitted within the required timeframe, 3) be submitted in writing by filling in the ECAP form, which can be found at the ECAP secretariat, ECAP website, and all polling centers, 4) refer to the specific violation of the Law on General Elections, Law on Local Elections, and CEC regulation, and 5) be signed by the person who submits the complaint. 


19.  What happens to election violators?

-  Election violations are punishable by law, and the punishment varies from the type of violation, ranging from fines to prison. Following are some punishments for election activities that are in violation of the Kosovo penal code:

Type of Violation

Punishment

Stopping or impeding a person from running in elections

A fine or imprisonment up to 1 year. If physical force is used in the process, the punishment can go up to 3 years in prison.

Forcing a candidate to withdraw their candidacy

A fine or imprisonment up to 1 year. If physical force is used in the process, the punishment can go up to 3 years in prison.

Impeding a candidate from their campaign activities

A fine or imprisonment up to 1 year. If physical force is used in the process, the punishment can go up to 3 years in prison.

Impeding a voter from voting or influencing their choice

Imprisonment up to 1 year. If physical force is used in the process, the punishment can go up to 5 years in prison.

Abuse of official election position

A fine and imprisonment between 2 to 5 years.

Taking or receiving bribe in relation to voting

Imprisonment between 1 and 5 years.

Intermediating a bribe in relation to voting

Imprisonment between 1 and 5 years.

Voting or attempting to vote 1) one behalf of someone else, 2) more than once, and/or 3) using more than one voter list.

Imprisonment between 6 months and 3 years.

Illegally impeding or stopping the voting process

Imprisonment between 1 and 2 years. If physical force is used in the process, the punishment can go up to 3 years in prison.

Violating the privacy of voting

Imprisonment up to 6 months. If physical force is used in the process, the punishment can go up to 1 years in prison.

Falsifying results

Imprisonment between 1 and 3 years.

Damaging voting documents

Imprisonment between 1 and 3 years.